|LETTER TO EDITOR
|Year : 2020 | Volume
| Issue : 4 | Page : 158
Documentation of concept of isolation/quarantine in Ayurveda
Research officer (Ay.), Regional Ayurveda Research Institute (CCRAS), Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
|Date of Submission||05-Sep-2020|
|Date of Acceptance||03-Feb-2021|
|Date of Web Publication||18-Mar-2021|
Dr. Praveen Balakrishnan
Regional Ayurveda Research Institute (CCRAS), Poojappura, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Balakrishnan P. Documentation of concept of isolation/quarantine in Ayurveda. J Ayurveda Case Rep 2020;3:158
Communicable diseases, also known as infectious diseases, contagious diseases and transmissible diseases, are always a threat to human health since time immemorial. They remain a serious threat to health of the public which may even result in high mortality. The recent SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is one such communicable disease that engendered global attention. The disease has a very rapid spread. As on January 30, 2021, there are 101,561,219 cases globally, and 2,196,944 people have lost their lives. To prevent the spread of the infectious disease, quarantine or isolation has been advised as an important step.
Ayurveda, probably, has first described communicable health issues that spread across large community of people denoted by the term “Janapadodhwamsam.”,, These transmissible diseases (Sankramanti naraatnaram) are termed as Oupasargika roga or Sankramika roga and includes the spectrum of Jvara (~fever), Kusta (~skin diseases), Abhishyanda (~conjunctivitis), Shosha (~tuberculosis), Masurika (~smallpox), and Sheetala (~a variety of Masurika).,,
Any disease, whether communicable or not, should be prevented from spreading at the very early stage. In the context of treatment of a communicable disease, isolation of the afflicted person to a clean separate room is advised as the first and foremost treatment line for preventing its spread (Rahasi svapayet). Infected person should be isolated/quarantined (Na cha tasya antikam vrajet) from healthy people or people who are having less immunity or with no proper protective gears (Na ashuchi samsprishet tam). This highlights that historically the concept of isolation/quarantine of established/suspected cases of communicable diseases has been scientifically documented as its protocol for management in Ayurveda.
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