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CASE REPORT
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 25-29

Management of dimorphic anemia through Ayurveda


1 Department of Kayachikitsa, North Eastern Institute of Ayurveda and Homoeopathy, Shillong, Meghalaya, India
2 Department of Rasa Shastra & Bhaishajya Kalpana, North Eastern Institute of Ayurveda and Homoeopathy, Shillong, Meghalaya, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rehana Parveen
Department of Kayachikitsa, North Eastern Institute of Ayurveda and Homoeopathy, Shillong, Meghalaya
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JACR.JACR_3_20

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Dimorphic anemia is one of the common forms of anemia in India, but there is a paucity of literature regarding this entity. It has a complex pathogenesis with involvement of more than one deficiency state, usually due to deficiency of both iron and Vitamin B12or folic acid, characterized by two different cell populations, comprising of microcytic hypochromic with macrocytic normochromic red blood cells. Conventional treatment of such condition is supplementation of iron and Vitamin B12, but the long-term treatment with iron salts is associated with several side effects. An alternative approach of therapy is to enhance the absorption of dietary iron and Vitamin B12, rather than increasing them in the diet. This is a case study of a 33-year-old female patient from Shillong, Meghalaya, presented with dimorphic anemia to Kayachikitsa outpatient department at Ayurveda Hospital, North Eastern Institute of Ayurveda and Homoeopathy, Shillong. Ayurvedic treatment regimen comprising of herbo-mineral and metallic preparations was administered for a period of 70 days, which resulted in marked rise in hemoglobin level, hematocrit, mean corpuscular volume, and reticulocyte count along with changes in the peripheral blood smear. Ayurvedic principles and drugs with its multidimensional approach can prove to be immensely effective in the management of this condition as evident in this case study.


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